Diabetes is one of the most common diseases today, wrecking the lives of countless individuals every year. But unlike in years past, today there are drugs and treatments available to treat the disease so that a diabetic can live a pretty much normal life.
When you have an insulin deficiency, your body is not able to store glucose. As a result the glucose level in your bloodstream begins to rise. Normally, the kidneys can handle excess glucose in the bloodstream by filtering it out. However, when the glucose level reaches 180 mg / dl or above, a tipping point is reached. At this point the kidneys are overloaded and can no longer perform their filtering function. The excess glucose, having now else to go, begins to enter the bloodstream. It's at this point that diabetes complications usually start to occur.
Usually, due to the overload of blood glucose in their system, people with diabetes manifest a few common symptoms. For one, it causes many diabetics to become thirsty. The reason is that glucose causes water to be extracted from the blood which is then excreted from the body in the form of urine. The loss of water from the blood leads to dehydration and feelings of thirst. Too frequent urination can be a problem because along with the excess glucose, the urine is also carrying out sodium and potassium, important nutrients for the body.
Another symptom that you'll often hear people with diabetes express is a feeling of fatigue. It's not surprising because of the effect that glucose has on the body. Normally, the food that people eat is converted into glucose. The insulin in the body then converts the glucose into a fuel source that can be used to power the body. A person with diabetes, however, because they have insulin problems, the glucose in their body can not be converted to energy. In other words, they have no power – no energy. It's like putting gasoline into a car where the carburetor or fuel-injector is not working. The car has plenty of fuel, but is unable to convert it into usable form.
One of the symptoms of diabetes for women is an increase in vaginal infections. The reason is that the deficiency in insulin cause glucose level to rise in the blood, including vaginal secretions. Fungi and bacteria love high glucose areas of the body, it's an excellent food source for them, making it the perfect environment for them to grow.
One of the sad things about this disease is that less than a half of the people with diabetes are aware that they have it. Diabetes, untreated, can lead to serious difficulties such as glaucoma, blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage, and more. Of course, if someone is unaware that they have it, they can not begin treatment. To be tested for diabetes is no longer a big deal. In fact, many doctors include it as part of a normal yearly physical exam. Ignoring a disease that is so easily treated is a mistake that no one should make.